"A sphere, contrasted with the cube, and to relate these two opposites, the cylinder, because it possesses the qualities of both." ~ Friedrich Froebel





Gift Two: Sphere, Cylinder and Cube

gabe 2

Gift 2 contains two 2-inch cubes, one 2-inch cylinder and one 2-inch sphere

Froebel called this Gift "the children's delight" with the difference of its features. The beads found in every kindergarten were developed from Froebel's Second Gift and are perhaps more suitable for children 3 and 4 years old. WATCH THE VIDEO (also below) for more background on Gift 2.

PRESENTATION
The box can be shaken and the child asked, "What is inside?" Open the lid and reveal the pieces. Have the child touch, feel, smell, hold and examine the sphere, then the cylinder, and the cube, in turn. The key points of the presentation are the handling, observing and comparing of the pieces of the Gift. All of the three different solids have holes drilled in them (the extra cube is solid for comparison to gifts 3 and 4). The sticks are provided so that the solid can be spun on the stick (see the illustration on page 10) and the results compared.

FORMS OF LIFE
Use the pieces to represent things from the child's life (e.g., the sphere is an orange, the cylinder is a baby bottle or a wheel, the cube is a house, etc.). Stack the pieces in different ways (e.g. the cylinder on the cube and the sphere on top creates a person). Build with the pieces and include the box parts, as well. Roll the sphere and cylinder. Encourage the children's descriptions through imaginative play.

FORMS OF KNOWLEDGE
Differentiate the pieces by naming the geometric shapes. Sort them. Count the number of pieces or the number of surfaces, edges, corners, etc. Introduce the concepts of on/under, front/back, up/down, in front of/behind, etc. Simple physics concepts can be discovered. Some of the solids will roll (sphere, cylinder) and some will stand (cube, cylinder). The idea of resonance in sound also can be learned by tapping the solids together or onto the table. By exploring these properties, children will be naturally curious and their discoveries will create a foundation of basic science.

FORMS OF BEAUTY
This Gift lends itself to creating patterns and designs by spinning the solids. Children will delight in spinning the solids on the sticks. The child will discover that by spinning one solid he/she will see the shape of another (e.g. spinning a cylinder produces a sphere, spinning a cube produces a cylinder). The interconnectedness of forms and objects can be shown even to young children. This activity can also be performed by spinning solids suspended on a string. The sticks allows more direct participation and more than one person to take part in the play.

Differentiate the pieces by naming the geometric shapes. Sort them. Count the number of pieces or the number of surfaces, edges, corners, etc. Introduce the concepts of on/under, front/back, up/down, in front of/behind, etc. Simple physics concepts can be discovered. Some of the solids will roll (sphere, cylinder) and some will stand (cube, cylinder). The idea of resonance in sound also can be learned by tapping the solids together or onto the table. By exploring these properties, children will be naturally curious and their discoveries will create a foundation of basic science.